Objectives : This paper compares and analyzes Liu Hejian’s kidney fluid nourishing treatment methodology with Zhu Danxi’s kidney tonifying treatment methodology.
Methods : The two doctors’ medical theories and treatment formulas were examined to study how their medical arguments manifested in clinical application.
Results : Both doctors emphasized the kidney. Liu pursued the treatment of balance based on the theory of the original qi of the Taiyitianzhen(太乙天眞), while Zhu tried to prevent the frenetic stirring of the ministerial fire by restraining one’s desires. In nourishing kidney fluid, Liu sometimes used hot medicinals to treat kidney deficiency patters, where medicinals that tonify the kidney fluid were not defined clearly. Zhu, on the other hand, defined formulas and medicinals that would tonify the kidney yin clearly.
Conclusions : The tradition of emphasizing the body’s yin qi based on the kidney has been continued from Liu Hejian to Zhu Danxi, during which the pathology of fire and heat were examined thoroughly. In clinical application, various and specific ways of controlling the fire heat were developed.